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Intro: The Future of Housing

In coordination with HDB’s 60th anniversary SUTD’s Core 3 Architecture studio is exploring the future of housing, asking how we will live in the next hundred years.

The future of housing and it’s past.

Our studio builds a vision of the future of housing based on an understanding of the past, with one key historical fact driving our investigation: Singapore has been and will be a high-density, high-rise nation. The vision we create will be a next step in a bigger history of over-coming the difficulties of high-rise, high-density urbanism to create thriving, vibrant, livable homes in the sky.

Our studio began with housing precedent analysis, and a precinct master-planning exercise (presented at midreview.) Subsequently we took on unit design, unit aggregation, and 3D public space which we will be presenting at the final review.

A 3-dimensional neighborhood, on artificial land:

While the primary output of this studio is the design of high-rise housing, we would like to recognize the importance of urban context and neighborhood to the success of housing. A master-planning exercise has allowed us to imagine the neighborhood of the future, here in the East of Singapore, not far from SUTD.  Our site is on a proposed artificial polder island to the south of East Coast Park, within a larger masterplan developed by the ONG&ONG Architect in Residence Team led by Andrew Lee.

Overall view of Long Island Study with proposed site of study for student residential precinct masterplans.

Challenges and adaptations:

The near future will not be without challenges. Looking forward we have identified three primary challenges for our students to take on as they imagine the future of housing: demographic shift and aging, climate change, and the economy of automation.

To encourage our students to take on these challenges, we asked them to include at least one of the following unit types in their designs: live-work unit, co-living unit, micro-housing unit, multi-generational unit.

Tying together our units is a 3-dimensional public space strategy: students were asked to think of public space as more than just open space at ground level. We have asked them to integrate upper level public space with the public open space of the masterplan in a 3-dimensional network- linking the living space with urban space (and also linking our work from the first half of the semester with our work from the second half.)

Final Review Schedule:
Wednesday April 29th, 9:00am – 6:30pm


MORNING SESSION
9:00 Opening of video conference, greeting of critics.

9:15- 10:00 Introduction ASD Core 3, ‘Future of Housing’, ONG&ONG AiR Long Island Study and student masterplans.

10:00 –12:15pm: Individual Studio Design Reviews (separate studios.)

12:15pm – 1:00pm: BREAK

AFTERNOON SESSION
1pm – 3:15pm: Individual Studio Design Reviews (separate studios.)

3:30 – 6:30pm: Group design review and summary discussion.

Personal Data Protection Act Notice

Please note that photography and videography may be undertaken during the event for use in event publicity, educational, promotional materials and other related purposes by the organizer.

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Teaching Team

Peter Ortner
Assistant Professor, SUTD ASD
Coordinator, Core 3 Studio

F. Peter Ortner is Assistant Professor in Architecture and Sustainable Design at the Singapore University of Technology and Design. His current research asks how we can build more sustainably and resiliently by taking Urban Metabolism data into account during the design process.

Peter has practiced architecture internationally, working in the United States with SsD Architecture, Safdie Architects and SOM New York, and previously maintained an architectural practice in Geneva, Switzerland.


Andrew Lee
Design Director ONG&ONG
Leader SUTD Architect-in-Residence Team

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Andrew is the Design Director in Ong&Ong carrying more than 27 years of experience in concept design and design development of residential, infrastructure, major master planning, commercial and institutional projects. His project experience includes residential developments, master planning of mass rapid transit systems and other commuter facilities, terminal gateway and estate goods mover systems. With his comprehensive experience, Andrew’s designs are both creative and iconic. His projects span Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Mongolia and China.


Christine Yogiaman
Assistant Professor, SUTD ASD
Founding Director, Yogiaman Tracy Design (yo_cy)

Christine Yogiaman directs Yogiaman Tracy Design (yo_cy), a research and design practice that focus on the utilization of digital techniques along with contextual influences to create culturally embedded, affective work in Indonesia. She previously taught as an Assistant Professor at American University of Sharjah and Washington University in St Louis, where she coordinated and developed Architecture Graduate Core studios curriculum.


Jackson Tan
Adjunct Assistant Professor, SUTD ASD
Founding Principal, SPORES Studio

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Jackson Tan is founding principle of SPORES Studio, an award-wining architectural practice in Singapore. /www.sporesstudio.com/
Jackson currently holds the position of Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Singapore University of Technology and Design(SUTD) and is an adjunct core design studio instructor with the Architecture Department of National University of Singapore(NUS). His research and works were published and funded by UK Arts Council, UK National Lottery Fund and UK Arts and Humanities Council and have been widely exhibited around Europe, North America and China. Since 2008, Jackson is a registered architect with the UK Architectural Registration Board.


Ryan Chee
Teaching Assistant SUTD ASD Core3

Tan Yu Jie
Workshop Coordinator SUTD ASD Core

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Housing Analysis Gallery

We began the semester by studying a housing precedent, rebuilding it as a parametric model, and  proposing adaptations. Students were asked to consider future challenges for housing in Singapore as defined in the 2018 lecture by Dr. Cheong Koon Hean, Ancticipating our Urban Future: Trends, Threats and Transformation. They developed a problem statement and conceptual diagrams for ways in which their precedent might be adapted to meet one of the key challenges described in the lecture.

The majority of our housing precedents are drawn from contemporary Singaporean housing, well-adapted to our climate and high-density urbanism. Some examples of foreign architecture have also been included, in particular when they exemplify new housing types for co-living, micro-housing, live-work or landform/ terraced housing.

Below is the first step of our analysis: redrawing a typical floorplan and analyzing circulation.

Next we studied how units in the precedent aggregated to create a 3-dimensional form and respond to the urban/environmental context.

Finally, students re-interpreted their precedents through a parametric model. They proposed ways that adjusting the parameters of these models could adapt the precedent to one of the future challenges we have been studying (demographics, climate change, automation, mobility.)

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Protected: ONG&ONG/ SUTD AiR: Long Island Study

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Midreview Gallery

Photo gallery of midterm masterplan models and the midterm review discussions.

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Masterplan, Lee Studio

Final Lee Studio precinct masterplan.
Lee Studio masterplan model at midreview.
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Masterplan, Tan Studio

Tan Studio precinct masterplan.
Tan Studio masterplan model at midreview.
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Masterplan, Yogiaman Studio

Yogiaman Studio masterplan model at midreview.
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Masterplan, Ortner Studio

Our studio began our precinct masterplan with an investigation of the urban block. Looking at examples from Manhattan, Berlin, Barcelona, and Punggol here in Singapore, we asked, ‘What would be the Singapore Block?’

How might the Singapore Block be oriented to the equatorial sun path and Singapore’s prevailing winds? What should its proportions be – so that it creates walkable distances and provides adequate space for development? In the end we produced an overlay of two grids, one oriented to the polder wall and the other to the east-west solar path. Students were able to activate either grid, at different scales when they defined their site parcels and massings.

A meandering network of rainwater retention ponds and bio-swales drains our polder site and organizes our outdoor recreational spaces.
Our studio masterplan model at midreview.
After midreview we reserved a larger area at the center of the masterplan for our green belt. We also defined most parcels as groundhuggers with FAR of 1.5 or less. A few key sites near the center were given higher FAR and chosen to be high-rise high-density projects.
The final masterplan for our studio, with a broader green belt and adjusted plot ratios.
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Massing Models

To augment our online reviews below we are sharing interactive previews of the student massing models for our joint afternoon session. You can use them to familiarize yourself with the projects before the review. If you have a headset at home you can even try visiting the projects in VR!

Chris, Clarissa and Simon’s massing from Andrew’s Studio.
Location of Chris, Clarissa, and Simon’s project. (Andrew’s studio.)
May and Nabilah’s massing from Christine’s Studio.
Location of May and Nabilah’s Site (Christine’s Studio).
Lim Ying and Xin Yan’s massing from Jackson’s Studio.
Location of Lim Ying and Xin Yan’s massing in the masterplan.
Shao Tian’s massing from Peter’s Studio.
Location of Shao Tian’s massing in the masterplan.
Naomi Wong’s massing from Peter’s Studio.
Location of Naomi’s massing in the masterplan.